- Economic growth: Most observers are more cautious regarding domestic growth today, even though the recovery's breadth is better -- employment has improved, and there is a nascent recovery in the residential real estate markets. Consensus (worldwide) GDP forecasts (here and abroad) are far more reasonable today. I do not view the April payroll report as the start of a weakening trend but rather a consolidation after warm weather lifted payrolls well above trend line growth in the December-February interim interval. Moreover, the combined manufacturing and non-manufacturing ISM in April remains slightly above its long-term average and is consistent with real GDP growth in excess of 2.5% in second quarter 2012.
- Profits: Corporate profit momentum has turned positive -- the first-quarter profit beat was by over 500 basis points. Historically, this magnitude of upward earnings revisions has been associated with a near-8% rise in the U.S. stock market over the next six months.
- Housing: The outlook for housing is markedly improved. Household formations are recovering, and the NAHB Index and buyer traffic are at five-year highs while inventories are at five-year low. The role of residential real estate markets cannot be overstated. Representing about one-third of household wealth and nearly half of bank assets, housing could add almost 1% to GDP in 2013.
- Durable spending: Other types of durable spending are returning -- for instance, autos industry sales have risen sharply to a four-year high.
- Household health: Household leverage has moved lower -- household debt/GDP has returned back to the long-term average.
- Employment: Employment indicators have improved relative to a year ago. Claims data are lower, and ISM employment components are consistent with monthly private payroll gains in excess of 200,000. (For net monthly growth, subtract 15,000 to 17,000 for the likely contraction in government workers.) Hours worked are expanding at a 4% annualized rate.
- U.S. monetary policy: 2012 is highlighted by massive global easing of monetary policy and excessive liquidity. Central banks were generally tightening 12 months ago.
- European monetary policy: Europe's central bank has lost its obsession with inflation and austerity and has begun to pay more attention to the capital markets and economic growth. (This weekend's elections in Greece and France almost insure more easing of policy and could result in aggressive pro-growth initiatives, as austerity is put on the back burner.)
- Commodities: Commodity prices are falling year over year. By contrast, a year ago commodity prices were rising. The recent $10-$12 drop in the price of oil (and $0.20-$0.30 drop in the price of gasoline) should serve as a tax cut for the consumer and will likely buoy corporate profit margins.
- Banks: Banks have materially recapitalized and have passed very stringent stress tests. Pretax, pre- provision income is at near-record highs.
- Balance sheets: Corporate balance sheets continue to improve and remain rock solid. Debt is low vs. the same time a year ago and liquidity is higher.
- Investor sentiment: Investors remain risk-averse, and expectations are low. Unlike last year, investors are no longer aggressively positioned toward economic growth or markets. Inflows into domestic equity funds are lower through the first four months in 2012 compared to the beginning of 2011, and hedge funds' net long exposure is lower this year than a year ago. Volumes are low, indicative of nonparticipation of the retail investor, and I still see the big reallocation trade occurring in the fullness of time. (Steve Leuthold made an interesting observation on Monday that the Yale Crash Confidence Index, which measures how fearful large investors are of a crash in the next six months, is sitting on exactly the same reading which has marked four important market lows in the last 20 years.)
- Valuations: Valuations remain subdued, and the earnings risk premium is still elevated. In Monday's presentation to the Value Investing Congress, I observed that when the S&P 500 stood at 900 in November 2008 and S&P earnings approximated $65 a share, stocks traded at under 14x when the high-yield index yielded 25%. Today, with earnings of $100-$102 per share, the S&P 500 trades at 1375, basically the same P/E multiple that existed in November 2008, even though the high-yield bond index had dropped by over 70% in yield (from 25% to under 8%). Taken another way, over the past five decades, stocks have averaged a P/E of 15.2x. During that period, the yield on the 10-year U.S. note averaged 6.67%. Today the 10-year yield is 1.87%, and stocks trade at under 14x. (In previous periods of low inflation and interest rates, the S&P 50 routinely traded at 18x-19x.)
- Europe: European stress indicators are lower, reflecting a ring-fencing of the debt problems and facilities that have been put in place to insure funding needs for the next few years as well as improving current account balances in Italy, Spain, Greece and Portugal. The cost of interbank lending risk is low and falling -- it was rising last year -- and short-term note yields in Italy and Spain are well off their highs. I have long contended that the EU debt crisis has morphed from a near-fatal affliction to a manageable condition that must be monitored. The results of the French election were in line with expectations. (Betting parlor Ladbrokes had Hollande's odds of winning at 1:9 for the past two weeks.) I do expect some friction between Hollande and Merkel over the next few weeks regarding solutions on how to best address the debt contagion's impact on the peripheral nations. As to Greece, I believe the initial negative response on Sunday evening (that led to the dive in stock futures) was incorrect. To a large degree, Greece's problems are mostly their own, as Greek bondholders have already taken their hit. Though there will remain uncertainty regarding short-term funding, in all likelihood, there will be new elections in June. This election should have a more favorable outcome -- elderly voters stayed home in protest this weekend; they should return in greater numbers (helping the troika).
- Black swans: In 2011 exogenous events negatively impacted worldwide growth. Thai floods and the Tohoku earthquake disrupted supply chains and hurt sales and resulted in nearly $100 billion of insurance losses.
Tuesday, May 8, 2012
US Market will bounce back in 2012.
Let's, again, go through the 15 reasons why the U.S. economy and stock market are better positioned today than 12 months ago.